Peyote seeds germination
Propagating Peyote from seeds is a really rewarding experience but require great patience as lophophora williamsii is a really slow growing cactus.
Lophophora seeds can remain viable for years if kept dormant in a dry and dark place. You can get seeds from your own cactus plant or here, mature lophophora williamsii flowers in response to watering after the flower it will produces a pink fruit containing 6-10 seeds, I sometimes got up to 30 seeds per pod by out crossing them. Peyote flowers should be fertilized with a small paint brush. I practice out crossing to get the most fertile seeds. I transfer some pollen from the flower of one plant to the stigma of another plant.
Seeds of lophophora williamsii can germinate all year long in an appropriate environment. Even in winter when it is cold outside you can grow them in a room that is about 20°C during the day, under a light or near a window they will get enough light. If it is more cold at night it is better as this is what happen in the desert. Peyote will germinate with better results with a thermic difference between night and day. Start in winter and they will be ready for the coming spring and summer.
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Soil: I got the best result by using ordinary humus, sand, limestone and pumice. Soil must be kept very humid (80-90%) so put more humus than other ingredients - Remove all leaves or wood from the mix, for better results you can put the soil in the microwave for 1 or 2 minutes, then put it inside a small pot and water it. It must be watered for at least 5mn, then just put the lophophora seeds on top of the ground and spray water to humidify a last time then put in a plastic bag or cover the pot with plastic foil. After a few minutes mists should appear, if it doesnt appear humidity is not enough so just spray again. You are done when mist appears.
Humidity: I wet the soil very much and then I put a plastic over the pot or inside a sandwich plastic bag that can be sealed.
Temperature: 25-30 degrees celsius and cooler at night time, the purpose is to get the same conditions as they get when they are in the desert.
Light: No direct sunlight, they will sprout near a window or they can sprout under an incandescent light or a grolux that you can turn on for 24h. After 1 or 2 weeks, they should all have germinated, and they now need 12-14h a day of no direct sunlight. The lophophora babies are still doing fine under a lamp or near a window if you don't have enough sunlight in your area. Note that seeds are living being, some may sprout in a few days, sometimes 1 or 2 but some take more time, can be a few weeks. Be patient.
When most of the peyote seeds have grown I take away the plastic (folie) after 5-6 weeks, you have to open the plastic bag step by step, a little first, then a little more... or you make holes in the plastic foil if you covered the pot with plastic foil. Then let the soil dry - water — let them dry — water and so on...
After this we can start treating the cactus like adults and give them less and
less water. Make sure that the soil completely dries out before watering the cacti,
to simulate dry growing conditions.
When your little peyote is about one year old (or 1 cm in diameter) you can start thinking
about repotting them. Always keep in mind that a bigger pot is not always better.
Try to get a pot that has about the 3-4 times the diameter and 4-5 times height of
the cactus. Changing pots will give you the opportunity to give the cactus more
nutrients in the new soil. Providing Peyote with a deep pot gives it
opportunity to grow a healthy tab root.